US Q1 GDP..big picture concerns conflate with shorter term weakness!

The big picture is the risk that growth may well have peaked in the current cycle:

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And personal consumption expenditure flows (population adjusted) have arced in a worrying sign of secular decline for some time:

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GDP growth less private employment growth has been negative since Q4 2010, one of the very few such periods in the post war period and the weakest to date and symptomatic of weak productivity and wage growth:

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Preliminary US GDP grew by a real $22bn in the first quarter.  Given that we are unlikely to see the weather related bounce back in growth that we saw last year, we are left wondering where growth is going to come from in the second and third quarters, especially if global trade fundamentals remain weak.

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US Manufacturing orders and inventories to January 2016

A little late in reviewing this data, but here are the takeaways:

We know new order growth had slowed considerably and had been sharply negative for some time at the nominal and moderately so at the real.

The rate of decline has since halted, but real growth is pedestrian and looks to have plateaued at a time when headline employment rates suggest the economy is close to “full” employment. 

Inventories have been scaled back but remain high, and particularly so in the key motor vehicle and parts sector which has shown weakening in momentum and the notable transportation sector.

Wage growth/consumer credit relationships are strained and it is difficult to see where domestic demand growth is going to come from, especially with the global weakness we have seen elsewhere.

Manufacturing is a small but central cog in the machine: its components are used everywhere and a slowdown in one connected cog inevitably implies a changing dynamic elsewhere.

And the pictures:

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US – Some interesting charts on income, GDP and new manufacturing orders from recent data

There are some interesting patterns and trends in US data: so I do ask myself, are we at the peak of the current cycle, are we as far as debt and low interest rates can take us?

US income growth has long been acknowledged to have weakened considerably yet recent data shows that the trend has indeed been weaker than first thought.  Note the following chart showing pre and post revisions to chained per capita personal disposable income:

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Between boom and bust – US Economic context + data charts bonanza

The US economy lies somewhere between boom and bust as shown by the following graphical representation of real GDP growth.  Nevertheless, there are aspects of US economic growth that have boom type characteristics/risks; these are found primarily in the significant increases in auto focussed consumer credit and automotive production/capacityimage

Short term data has varied wildly of late; such can often obscure the underlying trend: what if we adjust for inventories and changes in consumer credit?   Well we see less noise for one, but we also see a slower underlying growth profile – yes, credit creation is part and parcel of growing expenditure but I still feel we are in a high debt/deleveraging and weak income growth dynamic that needs to be especially sensitive to growth in credit/debt.

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Another quick thought, on inventories, as the engine restarts…

In a recent post on employment and Q3 US GDP, I made the point that inventories could be impacting employment data.  Inventories are also likely impacting PMIs (new orders, employment, production components) and other data points, so I would be wary of reading too much into recent data. 

Ed Yardeni also makes some valid points re inventories in his latest post -Another Soft Patch Ahead- (excerpt)